Publications

- Last updated on 04/22/2022

Book chapter

  • Palma Fraga, R., Reddy, Y. P., Kang, Z., Izzetoglu, K. (2020). Multimodal analysis using neuroimaging and eye movements to assess cognitive workload. In: Schmorrow D. and Fidopiastis C. (Eds.) Augmented Cognition. , Lecture Notes in Computer Science. HCII. Cham, Switzerland: Springer.

Peer-Reviewed Journal papers (Thompson Reuters Web of Science: SCI or SCIE)

  • Jónsdóttir, A. A., Kang, Z., Sun, T., Mandal, S., and Kim, J. (2021). The effects of language barriers and time constraints on online learning performance: An eye-tracking study. Human Factors: The Journal of Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, https://doi.org/10.1177/00187208211010949 (published online ahead of print)
  • Palma Fraga, R., Kang, Z., Crutchfield, J. M, and Mandal, S. (2021). Visual search and conflict mitigation strategies used by expert En Route air traffic controllers. Aerospace, 8(7), 170, 1-16.
  • Naeeri, S., Kang, Z., Mandal, S., and Kim, K. (2021). Multimodal analysis of eye movements and fatigue in a simulated glass cockpit environment. Aerospace, 8(10), 283, 1-19.
  • Argyle, E., Gourley, J. J., Kang, Z., Shehab, R. L. (2020). Investigating the Relationship between Eye Movements and Situation Awareness in Weather Forecasting. Journal of Applied Ergonomics, 85, 1-9. Article number: 103071.
  • Salehi, S.*, Naqvi, S. A. M.*, Raza, M., Ghazal*, S., Kang, Z.*, Teodoriu, C.* (2020). Simulation-based training to enhance process safety in offshore energy operations: Process tracing through eye tracking. Journal of Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 138, 220-235.
  • *Received Hutchison Medal Award from Institution of Chemical Engineers (IChemE).
  • Jenng H., Liu Y. and Kang. Z. (2019). Driver Glance Behaviors and Scanning Patterns: Applying Static and Dynamic Glance Measures to the Analysis of Curve Driving with Secondary Tasks. Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing & Service Industries, 29(6), 437-446
  • Mandal, S. and Kang. Z. (2018). Using eye movement data visualization to enhance training of air traffic controllers: A dynamic network approach. Journal of Eye Movement Research, 11(4), 1-20.
  • Salehi, S., Kiran, R., Jeon, J., and Kang, Z. (2018). Developing a cross-disciplinary, scenario-based training approach integrated with eye tracking data collection to enhance situational awareness in offshore oil and gas operations. Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, 56, 78-94.
  • Khamaj, A., and Kang, Z. (2018). Usability evaluation of mobile weather hazard alert applications. Industrial and Systems Engineering Review, 6(1), 21-40.
  • Wilson, K.A., Heinselman, P.L., and Kang, Z. (2018). Comparing Forecaster Eye Movements during the Warning Decision Process. Weather and Forecasting, 33(2), 501-521.
  • Kang, Z., Dragoo, M.R., Yeagle, L.N., Shehab, R.L., Yuan, H., Ding, L., and West, S.G. (2018). Adaptive learning pedagogy of Universal Design for Learning (UDL) for multimodal training. Journal of Aviation/Aerospace Education and Research, 27(1), 23-48.
  • Argyle, E. M. Gourley, J. J., Ling, C., Shehab, R. L, and Kang, Z. (2017). Effects of display design on signal detection in flash flood forecasting. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 99, 48-56.
  • Kang, Z. and Kim, K. (2017). Multimodal perception study on virtual 3D curved textures with vision and touch for interactive multimedia systems. Multimedia Tools and Applications, 76, 1-15..
  • Kang, Z., Mandal, S., Crutchfield, J., Millan, A, and McClung, S. (2016). [Special issue on advances in eye tracking technology: Theory, algorithms, and applications]. Design concepts and algorithms in eye tracking research for a multi-element objects tracking-and-controlling task to support human performance analysis. Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience, 2016(1), 1-18.
  • Kang, Z. and Morin, T. (2016). Multi attribute decision making under imperfect information and uncertain outcome of an unfair bidding game. International Journal of Information Technology & Decision Making, 15(1), 63-18.
  • McClung, S. and Kang, Z. (2016). [Special issue on advances in eye tracking technology: Theory, algorithms, and applications]. Characterization of Visual Scanning Patterns in Air Traffic Control. Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience, 2016(1), 19-35.
  • Wilson, K. A., Heinselman, P. L., and Kang, Z. (2016). Exploring applications of eyetracking in operational meteorology research. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97(11), 2019-2025.
  • Wilson, K. A., Heinselman, P. L., Kuster, C. M., Kingfield, D. M. and Kang, Z. (2016). Forecaster Performance and Workload: Does Radar Update Time Matter? Weather and Forecasting, 32, 253-274.
  • Kang, Z.* and Landry, S.J.* (2015). An eye movement analysis algorithm for a multi-element target tracking task: Maximum transition-based agglomerative hierarchical clustering.IEEE Transactions on Human-Machine Systems, 45(1), 13-24.
  • *Received IEEE Andrew P. Sage Best Transactions Paper Award.
  • Kang, Z. and Landry, S.J. (2014). Using scanpaths as a learning method for a conflict detection task of multiple target tracking. Human Factors: The Journal of Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. 56 (1), 1150-1162.
  • Kang, Z. and Landry, S. J. (2014). Top-down approach for a linguistic fuzzy logic model. Cybernetics and Systems: An International Journal, 45(1), 39-55.

Conference papers

[Peer-reviewed conference papers]

  • Crutchfield, J. M., Kang, Z., Palma Fraga, R., and Lee, J. (2022, in press). Identification of Expert Tower Controller Visual Scanning Patterns in Support of the Development of Automated Training Tools. In Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (HCII 2022), Jun. 26 - Jul. 1, virtual. (pp.1-16).
  • Palma Fraga, R., Kang, Z., Lee J., Crutchfield, J. M. (2021). Real-time eye tracking analysis for training in a dynamic task. In Proceedings of the 4th IEEE International Conference on Bio-engineering for Smart Technologies (2021 IEEE BioSmart), Dec. 8-10, Paris, France. (pp.1-4).
  • Kang, Z., Jeon, J., Salehi, S. (2020). Eye tracking analytics for virtual reality training, In , Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 64th Annual Meeting , Oct. 5- 9, Chicago, IL.(pp. 821-825).
  • Palma Fraga, R., Reddy, Y. P., Kang, Z., Izzetoglu, K. (2020). Multimodal analysis using neuroimaging and eye movements to assess cognitive workload. In Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction , Jul. 19-24, Copenhagen, Denmark. (pp.1-19).
  • Naeeri, S., Mandal, S., and Kang, Z. (2019). Analyzing pilot fatigue for prolonged flight mission: Multimodal analysis approach using vigilance test and eye tracking. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 60th Annual Meeting , Oct. 28- Nov. 1, Seattle, WA. (pp. 111-115).
  • Khamaj, A., Kang, Z., and Argyle, E. (2019). Users’ perceptions of smartphone weather applications’ usability. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 60th Annual Meeting , Oct. 28- Nov. 1, Seattle, WA. (pp.2216-2220).
  • Yoon, D., Kang, Z., Sun, F., and Kim, S. C. (2019). Audiences' attention to Youtube pre-roll advertising: Eye-tracking approach. In Proceedings of the 2019 Annual Conference of American Academy of Advertising , Mar. 28-31, Dallas, TX.
  • Kang, Z.* (2017). Real time eye movement analysis framework. In Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Bio-engineering for Smart Technologies (2017 BioSmart), Aug. 30-Sep. 1, Paris, France. (pp. 1-4).
  • *Received Best Presentation Award.
  • Khamaj, A., Shehab, R., and Kang, Z. (2017). Efficiency and distraction evaluations of motorcycles mounted infotainment systems and controls. In Proceedings of the 6th Annual World Conference of the Society for Industrial and Systems EngineeringHerndon, VA. (pp. 169-175).
  • Naeeri, S., and Kang, Z. (2017). Analysis of Pilot’s Visual Scanning Characteristics under Normal and Extreme Flight Conditions. In Proceedings of the 6th Annual World Conference of the Society for Industrial and Systems Engineering, Herndon, VA. (pp. 227-233).
  • Ybarra, V.T., Dadmohammadi, Y., Salehi, S., Kang, Z., Allan, J. N., Ramasubramanian, M., and Cokely, E. T. (2017). Drilling down on cognitive processes: Using process tracing with oil well operators. In Proceedings of the 2017 European Group of Process Tracing Studies in Judgment and Decision making, Jun. 22-24, Galway, Ireland. (pp.1-5).
  • Yuan, H., Rippetoe, J., Ding, L., Kang, Z., Shehab, R. L., and West. S. G. (2017). Universal Design for Learning in the framework of neuroscience-based education and neuroimaging-based assessment. In Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Bio-engineering for Smart Technologies (2017 BioSmart), Aug. 30-Sep. 1, Paris, France. (pp. 1-4).
  • Wilson, K. A., Heinselman, P. L., and Kang, Z. (2016). Eye-tracking applications to assess impacts of phased array radar data on forecasters’ cognitive processes. 32nd Conference on Environmental Information Processing Technologies, American meteorological society, New Orleans, LA (pp. 1-6).
  • Mandal, S.*, Kang, Z., Crutchfield, J., and Millan, A. (2016). Data visualization and development of quantitative metrics for analyzing eye movement data using directed weighted networks for a dynamic task of multiple moving objects. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 60th Annual Meeting, Washington D.C. (pp.106-110).
  • *Received Best Student Paper Award (first place) by the Aerospace Technical Group at HFES annual meeting.
  • Mandal, S. and Kang, Z. (2015). Eye tracking analysis using different types of Areas of Interest for multi-element moving objects: Results and implications of a pilot study in air traffic control. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 59th Annual Meeting, Los Angeles, CA. (pp.1515-1519).
  • Kang, Z.and Bass, E.J. (2014). Supporting the eye tracking analysis of multiple moving targets: Design concept and algorithm. IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics. San Diego, CA. (pp. 3191-3196).
  • Kang, Z., Bass, E.J., and Lee, D.W. (2014). Air traffic controllers’ visual scanning, aircraft selection, and comparison strategies in support of conflict detection. In Proceedings of the 58th Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. Chicago, IL, 68 (1). (pp. 77- 81).
  • Kang, Z. and Bass, E. J. (2013). Computationally tractable approaches to modeling the coverage of weather sensor networks. IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Manchester, England, pp. 4905-4912.
  • Kang, Z. and Landry, S. J. (2010). Capturing and analyzing visual groupings of multiple moving targets in an aircraft conflict detection task using eye movements, In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 54th Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA. (pp. 1906-1910).

[Not critically reviewed conference papers]

  • Kang, Z., Crutchfield, J. M., Palma Fraga, R., and Mandal, S. (2021). Spatial-temporal cluster approach to discover visual scanning behaviors in a virtual reality airport tower. In Proceedings of the 2021 International Symposium on Aviation Psychology, May 18-21, Corvallis, OR. (pp. 1-5).
  • Crutchfield, J. M., Kang, Z., Palma Fraga, R., and Mandal, S. (2021). Applying eye-tracking technology to explore the visual scanning practices of air traffic control tower controllers. In Proceedings of the 2021 International Symposium on Aviation Psychology, May 18-21, Corvallis, OR. (pp. 1-5).
  • Mandal, S. and Kang, Z. (2019). Visual scanpath approximation for training enhancement: A spatial-temporal clustering approach. In 2019 Symposium on Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning at the University of Oklahoma, Sep. 25-27, Norman, OK. (pp.1-5).
  • Kang, Z.*(2019). Human error prevention training using eye tracking technology. In 2019 5th International Conference on Education and Training Technologies , May 27-29, Seoul, S. Korea. (Abstract only)
  • *Received Excellent Presentation Award
  • Kang, Z.(2019). Improving learning performance by implementing Universal Design for Learning (UDL) pedagogy in higher education. In 2019 5th International Conference on Education and Training Technologies , May 27-29, Seoul, S. Korea. (Abstract only)
  • Kiran, R.*, Salehi, S.*, Jeon, J.*, and Kang Z.* (2018). Enhancing Situation Awareness and Process Safety in Offshore Drilling Operations: Applications of Eye-T racking System. In Proceedings of the 50th Annual Offshore Technology Conference , Apr. 30-May 3. Houston, TX. (pp. 1-18)
  • *Received OTC award for the Best University Research and Development Showcase.
  • Kiran, R., Salehi, S., Jeon, J., & Kang, Z. (2018b). Real-time eye-tracking system to evaluate and enhance situation awareness and process safety in drilling operations. In Proceeding of the IADC/SPE Drilling Conference and Exhibition, Society of Petroleum Engineers, Mar. 6-8. Fort Worth, TX. (pp.1-19).
  • Kang, Z., Jeon, J., Cokely, E. T., and Ybarra, V. T. (2018). Situation awareness assessment through protocol and eye tracking analyses. In Proceedings of the 2018 Institute of Industrial and Systems Engineers (IISE) Annual Conference , May 19-22, Orlando, FL. (pp. 1-5)
  • Naeeri, S. M., Kang, Z. (2018). Exploring the relationship between pilot’s performance and fatigue when interacting with cockpit interfaces. In Proceedings of the 2018 Institute of Industrial and Systems Engineers (IISE) Annual Conference, May 19-22, Orlando, FL. (pp. 1-5)
  • Dadmohammdi, Y., Salehi, S., Kiran, R., Jeon, J., Kang, Z., Cokely, E.T., and Ybarra, V.T. (2017) Integrating human factors into petroleum engineering's curriculum: Essential training for students, In Proceedings of the Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE) Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Oct. 9-11, San Antonio, TX. (pp.1-14).
  • Kang, Z., Dragoo, M.R., Yeagle, L.N., Shehab, R. L., Yuan, H., Ding, L., and West, S. G. (2017). Adaptive learning pedagogy in Universal Design for Learning and multimodal training. In Proceedings of the 2017 National Training Aircraft Symposium (NTAS), Aug. 14-16. Daytona Beach, FL. (pp.1-12)
  • Kang, Z., Mandal, S., and Dyer, J. (2017). Data visualization approaches in eye tracking to support the learning of air traffic control operations. In Proceedings of the 2017 National Training Aircraft Symposium (NTAS), Aug. 14-16. Daytona Beach, FL. (pp.1-10)

Technical Reports (Research project reports)

  • Kang, Z., Palma Fraga, R., and Lee, J. (2021). Analysis of human behaviors and strategies for risk reduction: Application in high fidelity virtual reality simulation of real airports. Federal Aviation Administration. pp. 1-79.
  • Kang, Z., Mandal, S., and Palma Fraga, R. (2021). Visual scanning characteristics in airport tower operations. Federal Aviation Administration. pp. 1- 18.
  • Kang, Z., Shehab, R. L., Ding, L, Yuan, H., Palma Fraga, R., Yeagle, L. N., Alhashim, A., Plata, M. R., Dragoo, M. R., Annadi, R. A. (2019). Universal design for learning and multimodal training. pp. 1-177. Federal Aviation Administration.
  • Salehi, S., Kang, Z., Cokely, E., Muhammed, R. A., Kiran, R., Jiwon, J., Ybarra, V. (2018). Virtual reality offshore operations training infrastructure: Enhancing expert containment, decision making, and risk communications. National Academy of Sciences.
  • Kang, Z., Dyer, J. W., West, S. G., Palma Fraga, R., Mandal, S., Egwu, K, and McClung. S. N. (2018). Characterization and application of air traffic controllers’ visual search patterns and control strategies for efficient and effective training. pp. 1- 282. Federal Aviation Administration.
  • Kang, Z. (2017). Development of design concepts and algorithms in eye tracking research for a multi-element objects tracking task to support human performance analysis. Federal Aviation Administration.
  • Kang, Z. (2017). Development of a mixed methods approach to inform the design of new learning methods for a complex task: An application in multiple objects tracking task. Center for Research Program Development and Enrichment at the University of Oklahoma.
  • Bass, E. J., Kang, Z., Philips, B., Lyons, E. , Bajaj, A., Junyent, F., and Beauchamp, R. (2014). Healthcare Systems Integrated Warning Assessment (HIWA) final report. North Central Texas Trauma Regional Advisory Council.
  • Richard, J. P., Kang, Z., and Narisetty, A. K.(2006). SOM v2.0: A simplified optimization model for empty car assignments, Submitted to Union Pacific Co.

Magazine articles, Poster competitions, and Poster Exhibitions

  • Mandal, S. and Kang, Z. (2020). Simplifying visual scanpath representation to enhance training of air traffic controllers: a spatial-temporal clustering approach. 4th Annual Gallogly College of Engineering Poster Fair, University of Oklahoma, Nov. 13, Norman, OK. (Poster competition)
  • Palma Fraga, R.*, Reddy, P., Kang, Z., Izzetoglu, K. (2020). Multimodal analysis using neuroimaging and eye movements to assess cognitive workload: A case study of ATCT local controllers. Technical Training and Human Performance (TTHP) Meeting,, Federal Aviation Administration Center of Excellence, Virtual Meeting, Nov. 16-17, 2020. (Poster competition)
  • *Won Student Presentation Award (2nd place).
  • Kang, Z., Dyer, J. W., West, S. G., Palma Fraga, R.*, Mandal, S., Egwu, U. K., and McClung. S. N. (2020). Characterization of air traffic controllers’ visual search patterns and control strategies (extended v2). Technical Training and Human Performance (TTHP) Meeting , Federal Aviation Administration Center of Excellence, Virtual Meeting, Nov. 16-17, 2020. (Poster competition)
  • *Won Student Presentation Award (3rd place).
  • Kang, Z., Dyer, J. W., West, S. G., Palma Fraga, R.*, Mandal, S., Egwu, U. K., and McClung. S. N. (2019). Characterization of air traffic controllers’ visual search patterns and control strategies (extended). Technical Training and Human Performance (TTHP) Meeting, Federal Aviation Administration Center of Excellence, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, Apr. 17, 2019. (Poster competition)
  • *Won Student Presentation Award (1st place) and scholarship. (2nd time winning 1st place)
  • Kang, Z., Shehab, R. L., Ding, L., Yaun, H., West, S. G., Palma Fraga, R., Plata, M. R., Alhashim, A., Annadi, R. R., Dragoo, M. R., and Yeagle, L. N. (2019). Universal Design for Learning and Multimodal Training (extended). Technical Training and Human Performance (TTHP) Meeting , Federal Aviation Administration Center of Excellence, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, Apr. 17, 2019. (Poster competition)
  • Mandal, S. and Kang, Z. (2019). Visual scanpath approximation for training enhancement: A spatial-temporal clustering approach. In 2019 Symposium on Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning at the University of Oklahoma , Sep. 25-27, Norman, OK. (pp.1-5). (Poster exhibition)
  • Kang, Z., Dyer, J. W., West, S. G., Palma Fraga, R., Mandal, S., Egwu, U. K, and McClung. S. N. (2018). Characterization of air traffic controllers’ visual search patterns and control strategie. In Proceedings of the 2018 Interservice/ Industry Training, Simulation and Education Conference (I/ITSEC) , Nov. 26-30, Orlando, FL. (Poster exhibition)
  • Kang, Z., Shehab, R. L., Ding, L., Yaun, H., West, S. G., Dragoo, M. R., Yeagle, L. N., Palma Fraga, R., and Rippetoe, J. (2018). Adaptive learning pedagogy of Universal Design for Learning (UDL) for multimodal training (poster exhibition). In Proceedings of the 2018 Interservice/ Industry Training, Simulation and Education Conference (I/ITSEC), Nov. 26-30, Orlando, FL. (Poster exhibition)
  • Mandal, S.*, and Kang, Z. (2018). Analyzing eye movement data for dynamic scenarios: Information theory and network science based integrated framework. 2nd Annual Gallogly College of Engineering Poster Fair, University of Oklahoma, Nov. 10, Norman, OK. (Poster competition)
  • *Won Best Graduate Poster Competion Award (1st place)
  • Kang, Z., Dyer, J., West, S. G., Mandal, S., Palma Fraga, R.*, McClung, S., and Egwu, U. K. (2017). Characterization of visual scanning patterns and aircraft control strategies for efficient and effective training. Poster session in Solutions for Operational Aviation Research (SOAR) Q2 meeting , Federal Aviation Administration Center of Excellence, Apr. 3-5, Philadelphia, PA. (Poster competition)
  • *Won Student Presentation Award (1st place) and scholarship.
  • Kang, Z., Shehab, R. L., Ding, L., Yaun, H., West, S. G., Dragoo, M. R., Yeagle, L. N., Palma Fraga, R., and Rippetoe, J. (2017). Universal Design for Learning and Multimodal Training. Poster session in Solutions for Operational Aviation Research (SOAR) Q3 meeting , Federal Aviation Administration Center of Excellence, Apr. 3-5. Philadelphia, PA. (Poster competition)
  • Kang, Z.* and Landry S. J.* (2017). An eye movement analysis algorithm for a multi-element target tracking task: Maximum transition-based agglomerative hierarchical clustering. IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Magazine, 2, 52-53. (Magazine)
  • *Extended abstract published in magazine as a recipient for the IEEE Andrew P. Sage Best Transactions Paper Award.
  • Khamaj, A. and Kang, Z. (2017) Usability evaluation of mobile weather alert applications. 1st Annual Gallogly College of Engineering Poster Fair, University of Oklahoma, Nov. 10, Norman, OK. (Poster competition)
  • Mandal, S. and Kang, Z. (2017) Visualizing eye movement data in dynamic object tracking tasks. 1st Annual Gallogly College of Engineering Poster Fair,University of Oklahoma, Nov. 10, Norman, OK. (Poster competition)
  • Kang, Z., Shehab, R. L., Ding, L., Yaun, H., West, S. G., Dragoo, M. R., Yeagle, L. N., Palma Fraga, R., and Rippetoe, J. (2017). Universal Design for Learning and Multimodal Training. Solutions for Operational Aviation Research (SOAR) Q4 meeting, Federal Aviation Administration Center of Excellence, FAA headquarters, Jun. 11-15, Washington D.C. (Poster exhibition)
  • Kang, Z., Dyer, J., West, S. G., Mandal, S., Palma Fraga, R., McClung, S., and Egwu, U. K. (2017) Characterization of visual scanning patterns and aircraft control strategies for efficient and effective training. Solutions for Operational Aviation Research (SOAR) Q4 meeting, Federal Aviation Administration Center of Excellence, FAA headquarters, Jun. 11-15, Washington D.C. (Poster exhibition)